何绍基是怎样炼成的?

来源 书法日课  2017-11-10 08:00 

书法史翻到清代,就不能不提何绍基。他在清朝的地位,就像董其昌在明朝,虽然出现得晚了点,但恰好给一个时代做个拔高和总结。

那么大书法家何绍基是怎样炼成的?

首先,他不是一个人。

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第1张

书法家首先是一个人,我为什么要说何绍基不是一个人呢?

这个句式来自足球解说员黄健翔,在一场世界杯比赛的最后时刻,一位意大利后卫据说被前辈们“灵魂附体 ”,用一次禁区内的灵光乍现,淘汰掉了澳大利亚。黄健翔大吼“他不是一个人”,重点是“一个”,意思是一个牛人干出牛事绝不是偶然的,必然有强大的亲友团作支撑。

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第2张

何绍基书法

我们提到清朝书法,常常把何绍基单独抬出来,因为这个人是一座高峰。

但我们却常常忽略,在湖南道州有一个强大的何氏书法亲友团,甚至没有这些了不起的亲友,何绍基这座高峰也很难拔地而起。

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第3张

何绍基书法

下面我们就来看看,何绍基的亲友团都有什么了不起。

一、父亲:何凌汉(1772-1840)

何凌汉也是一位书法家,只不过,他在书法上的建树不能和儿子相比。

但除此之外,他的光芒非常之耀眼——嘉庆十年探花,授翰林院编修,先后典广东、山东、福建、浙江、顺天府乡试;先后担任顺天府尹、大理寺卿、都察院左都御史、兵部右侍郎、礼部左侍郎、工部尚书、吏部尚书、户部尚书等朝廷要职;先后担任山东学政、浙江学政、经筵讲官等重要职务,培养出历史上众多俊杰。

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第4张

何凌汉书法

当然,对书法史来说,何凌汉最大的功劳,是生下了何绍基这样的儿子。只不过 ,这种功劳恐怕更多是在学问和做人上,至于书法,何凌汉的字清秀舒朗,书卷气十足,但似乎与何绍基的字没有什么关系了……

二、孪生兄弟:何绍业(1799-1839)

何凌汉初为人父,就一下得了两个大胖小子。他为老大起名何绍基,老二起名何绍业。以基业为名,可见何凌汉的雄心壮志。

和所有的孪生兄弟一样,何绍基与何绍业关系极好,甚至他们俩的书法,也像孪生兄弟——

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第5张

何绍业书法

可惜的是,何绍业体弱多病,英年早逝,对此,何绍基终生都怀有遗憾。在《仲弟子毅哀辞》中,何绍基写道:“冀我兄弟,或共长久。何期今日?松摧竹陨。孪生之儿,兄强弟弱。风雪一朝,形单影只。痛乎!痛乎!”

三、三弟何绍祺(1801-1868)

何绍祺字子敬,跟王献之的字一样。他是道光十四年举人,当过知县和知府。他的书法学颜真卿,史料称他“能承家学”。

其实这种“家学”,多半就是很像他的哥哥——

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第6张

何绍祺书法

四、四弟何绍京(1809-?)

何绍京字子愚,他的名字与唐人钟绍京一样,就是写《灵飞经》那位,由此可见,他们的老爸何凌汉对书法是有多深情。

何绍基是怎样炼成的? 书法 第7张

何绍京书法

何绍京在道光十九年中举,以诗词、书画及鉴赏名于当时,书法也学颜真卿,晚年爱上了董其昌。

他有个别号叫自娱山房主人,取自娱自乐之意,甚至到最后,他去了哪儿都无从查证了……

何绍基和他的三个弟弟,被称为“何氏四杰”,在当时也算名震天下了。

何绍基在家中是长子,他也是何家在艺术上的NO.1。

不过,正如王羲之是王氏家族的代表,苏东坡是苏氏一门的领袖一样,何绍基也是何家亲友团簇拥而出的一代大家,如果没有家族的力量,仅凭单打独斗,恐怕是很难成气候的。

这就是书法的魅力所在,也是书法与其他艺术不同的地方,那就是,积淀,以及传承。

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}, shareInfo: { shareUrl: 'https://m.toutiao.com/i6486255186095374861/', abstract: '书法史翻到清代,就不能不提何绍基。他在清朝的地位,就像董其昌在明朝,虽然出现得晚了点,但恰好给一个时代做个拔高和总结。那么大书法家何绍基是怎样炼成的?首先,他不是一个人。 书法家首先是一个人,我为什么要说何绍基不是一个人呢?

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